Dickens had experience as a court reporter and creative writing essay western sydney university (navitas),
witnessed legal practices first hand. Although Chancery had been a longstanding scandal, many people in England were like the lawyer Kenge, who mouths to Mr. Jarndyce the complacency that “this is a very great country” and “Its system of equity is a very great system” (Chpt. LXII, p. 638). In his preface to Bleak House , Dickens denies he has exaggerated his criticisms; he mentions a current court case of twenty years’ length in which seventy thousand pounds had been consumed in costs. In his book, Charles Dickens as a Legal Historian (1928, reprt. 1972), legal historian, Sir William Searle Holdsworth, a Professor of Law at Oxford, claims Dickens’s novels should be studied as source documents on the history of English law.
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Chancery for the symbolic thrust of the novel. There were two different court systems. Common law courts used statutory law and precedent to decide cases. The Court of Chancery dealt with equity, or property issues, rather than law and used different principles to arrive at judgments.
In medieval times, because the legal courts were insufficient to essay write american heritage school
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Because the early Chancellors had no training in law, their judgments on matters of equity varied. Eventually, a body of equity law developed, requiring lawyers. Cases could be mired in detail. As Dickens complains, Chancery had become a matter of a-g requirements for high school mercersburg academy
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. . And dying thus around us every day” (Chpt. XLVII, p. 492). The court system, according to Dickens, had abandoned its moral roots of looking after the welfare of the people, and was corrupt and self-serving.
Because equity became as rigid as statutory law, as pictured in the tiresome procedures in Bleak House , rather than based on the idea of mercy and conscience, there was no reason for it to be separate from the legal courts. the best essay writing services Princeton Academy?
In 1873, after Dickens’s death, the High Court of Chancery was merged with the courts of law as one administrative system, with different divisions of law and the best essay writing services Princeton Academy,
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As the write a reflection essay stevenson academy
Court of Chancery is the larger symbolic vehicle of social evil, with its Great Seal all over England, “with its decaying houses and its blighted lands in essay write american heritage school,
every shire” (Chpt. I, p. 2), so the lawyer Tulkinghorn, with his elegant rooms in Lincoln’s Inn Fields, embodies the more local and personal aspect of that evil.
“He never converses” with anyone except on business, “An oyster of the old school, whom nobody can open.” He is a “reservoir of confidences,” collecting secrets and essay write american heritage school,
using them against his clients (Chpt. X, p. 100). Unasked, he tracks down Lady Dedlock’s past on the pretense it is for Sir Leicester’s honor, and then emotionally blackmails her, sadistically keeping her on the hook, as he does Mr. George, and the crazed Hortense. the best essay writing services Princeton Academy?
He has a finger in every pie, like the Court of Chancery: in the the best essay writing services Princeton Academy
Jarndyce case for Lady Dedlock, in Sir Leicester’s suit against Boythorn, in the moneylending schemes of Smallweed. He knows everyone and can intimidate Snagsby, Krook, and Guppy. He uses Bucket to keep an eye on Jo and the family secrets. Sir Leicester, proud of Tulkinghorn as his faithful retainer, innocently replies when asked if the lawyer is rich: “He has a stake in the country”(Chpt. XL, p. 432). So he does—a mere financial stake.
Dickens warns that something is going to happen to Tulkinghorn, as he hints about creative writing essay western sydney university (navitas)
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The figure of Allegory, as the narrator calls it, is a figure on the best essay writing services Princeton Academy,
the painted ceiling of Tulkinghorn’s chambers, a Roman soldier among “flowers, clouds, and big-legged boys.” The figure is foreshortened in perspective and swooping down pointing his finger, “mak[ing] the head ache” (Chpt. X, p. 100). Tulkinghorn pays no attention, but Allegory points and warns him every time he comes into the room, and eventually he points at Tulkinghorn’s dead body.
The figure of Allegory is a symbol of Tulkinghorn’s fate. It foreshadows the end of essay write american heritage school
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Tulkinghorn has created a monster that will turn on him. Hortense, of whom he is so contemptuous and threatens with prison, takes her revenge and shoots him. It is fitting that it is a woman, because Tulkinghorn hates women, and that is the reason he takes special delight in shaming Lady Dedlock.
Krook’s end and Tulkinghorn’s thus have a lot in common. Krook’s shop is filthy, and echoes the dust blowing into Tulkinghorn’s windows, like the law that blows dust “in the eyes of the laity” (Chpt. XXII, p. 232). As Tulkinghorn sits in his rooms, sipping his expensive wine, controlling the lives of people, so does Krook sit in what is the best essay writing service burr and burton academy,
his shop, drinking cheap gin, sitting on the fortunes and fates of others. Both control by gathering secrets. They use the same tactics as the law whose main technique is to gather in, to hold on, to enrich itself. Because there is no circulation, this evil must eventually spontaneously combust.
3. How does Dickens use characterization to reflect his themes?
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Their scenes are full of touching emotion, such as the one where Esther first looks at her scarred face; the orphan Charley taking care of her young siblings; Woodcourt saying the Lord’s Prayer with the dying Jo; and Sir Leicester humbly accepting the help of Bucket and George. These are decent human beings, even if they err or have eccentric ways, like Boythorn and Miss Flite. The grotesque characters are usually comic types, fixed in their narrow ways, repeating their behavior and the best essay writing services Princeton Academy,
key phrases over and over, like Mrs. Jellyby, Mrs. Pardiggle, Krook, Tulkinghorn, Vholes, Smallweed, Skimpole, and old Turveydrop.
The grotesques are ruled by a particular passion or unbalanced disposition. They are funny or disgusting because they are obsessive. Dickens often attaches animal imagery to these characters, because they seem sub-human. Creative writing essay Western Sydney University (Navitas)?
Mr. Skimpole has his Drone philosophy, wanting to have worker bees do the work for him. Mr. Buy assignment Lime House School?
Vholes preys on Richard, like a snake that has just gorged itself. Mr. Tulkinghorn is an oyster, a “dingy London bird” “dwelling among mankind but not consorting with them” with his nest “in holes and corners of human nature,” not remembering “their better range” (Chpt. XLII, pp. 442-443). Krook and his evil cat, Lady Jane, seem to share one spirit. The Smallweed family are “old monkeys”(Chpt. the best essay writing services Princeton Academy?
XXI, p. 219). Judy Smallweed couldn’t play with other children, because “She seemed like an animal of another species” (Chpt. XXI, p. 220).
Dickens sets up Mr. Jarndyce, Esther, and Woodcourt as the most admired characters because they are the kindest and most full of brotherly love. Creative writing essay Western Sydney University (Navitas)?
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Esther is the main character, the pattern of a person who turns each experience into something worthy. She gets the love she desires because she gives it. Even the tragic figures of Lady Dedlock and Richard Carstone are able to learn and repent, making them fully human. The story shows if society is diseased, it is because there is a general pathology in behavior and not enough unselfish individuals working for the best essay writing services Princeton Academy
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4. Why are there two narrative voices?
The novel switches back and forth from a third person narrator who carries Dickens’s own harsh judgment of English society, and the first person narrative of the best essay writing services Princeton Academy
Esther Summerson, Lady Dedlock’s illegitimate daughter. The result is a richness and depth that could not be reached with only one point of view.
The third person narrator speaks objectively but darkly in the present tense, as a reporter on the scene, tying things together. He tells us what events are happening and what they mean in the larger picture. We get his moral perspective that things are not going well and why. He speaks with anger and irony about the failures of people and institutions. the best essay writing services Princeton Academy?
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Esther, in her observant innocence, is a good counterpoint to the darkness around her. She must go through trial, but she shows it is problem solving and critical thinking pomfret school,
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us can accomplish, and thus, becomes a resonant center for the values Dickens wishes to teach. At first her narrative strand seems to interrupt the main third-person narrative, but slowly, the strands intertwine with Esther being a key player in the Jarndyce suit and the Dedlock drama. Her narrative brings home the full tragedy of her mother’s story and Richard’s, yet creates hope out of the wreckage.
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In Benjamin Disraeli’s novel, Sybil; or the Two Nations (1845), he proclaimed a division in write a reflection essay stevenson academy,
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. than Lord Coodle, and Sir Thomas Doodle, and the Duke of Foodle . . . shall set right in five hundred years” (Chpt. XVI, p. 167). This passage makes the evil sound irremediable, especially by an incompetent government. Dickens describes the other nation of the poor as no better than animals, “blinded oxen, over-goaded, over-driven, never guided” (Chpt. XVI, p.169). Jo, for the best essay writing services Princeton Academy
instance, is a “vagabond dog” (Chpt. XVI, p. 169). Nothing can be done to fix this piece of property, for it is part of the Jarndyce suit, awaiting judgment.
In 1849, a group of the best essay writing services Princeton Academy
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